The Tuscarora Adoption Ceremony

In late 17th and early 18th-century North Carolina, colonists reported two primary branches of the Tuscarora. Varying accounts circa 1708-1710 estimated the number of Tuscarora warriors as from 1200-2000. Historians estimate their total population may have been three to four times that number.

The Tuscarora had to deal with more numerous colonists' encroaching on his community. They raided his villages, kidnapped the people to be sold into slavery, suffered substantial population losses after exposure to the infectious diseases of the Europeans, and also suffered territorial encroachment. By 1711, the Tuscarora Chief Hancock believed he had to attack the settlers to fight back. His principal targets were against the planters on the Roanoke, Neuse and Trent Rivers, as well as the city of Bath. They attacked on September 22, 1711, beginning the Tuscarora War. The allied Indian tribes killed hundreds of settlers, including several key political figures among the colonists.

The North Carolina militia, along with the assistance of South Carolina’s, and allied Native Americans, attacked the Tuscarora in 1712. The Tuscarora were defeated, and more than three hundred were killed. A year later in 1713, the Tuscaroras were defeated again at their Fort Neherooka, with 900 killed or captured in the battle. After defeat in the battle of 1713, about 1500 Tuscarora fled to New York to join the Iroquois Confederacy. The Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Five Nations of New York were more than happy to accommodate their distant cousins as the "Sixth Nation", and in 1722 adopted them into their Confederacy. This is the premise around which the “Tuscarora Adoption Ceremony” was created.

This acrylic painting was created in 2011. The size of the original is 36 X 40 and is painted on stretched canvas.

The Original Tuscarora Adoption Ceremony is now on the market, and the 36 X 40 inch canvas is available for $2500.






  • Back to the Native American Gallery